The most common manganese mineral and one of several manganese oxides, all of which are very similar and difficult to differentiate from one another, especially in massive form. Wad is a term used to describe a combo of unidentified manganese oxides, which may include Pyrolusite, Manganite, Psilomelane &/or Ramanechite. Pyrolusite is known for finely fibrous acicular crystals that are sooty and leave residue when handled. It’s name comes from the Greek for “fire” and “to wash”, as this mineral was once used to remove green and brown tints during the manufacture of glass. Individual crystals are rare, more commonly this mineral is found in massive form or as radiating acicular spheres.

Associated with the root chakra, zodiac signs of Leo & Gemini & vibrates to the number 7.

– Repels negative energy & psychic interference from any source.
– Prevents emotional manipulation by people with strong minds and narcissistic tendencies.
– Barrier to the attentions of those who inhabit the lower planes (narcissists, energy vampires, criminals)
– Allows one to stay true to their own beliefs.
– Promotes confidence, optimism, & determination.
– Heals energetic disturbances and transmutes dis-ease in the physical, emotional, and mental bodies.
– Support for deep emotional healing.
– Helps transmute negative expectations into positive ones.
– Useful for strengthening eyesight.

Chemical Formula: MnO₂
Shape: ammonite shaped
Crystal System: isometric
Color: dark grey, black, bluish
Streak: black with blue tinge
Luster: metallic, dull
Diaphaneity: opaque
Hardness: 6-6.5 Mohs
Tenacity: brittle
Cleavage: 1,1
Fracture: splintery, uneven
Specific Gravity: 4.4-5 g/cm³
Refractive Index: 2.13 – 2.16